RY Generator

      Use OTS boards to simulate an RY signal for local loop or TU keying.

         Two versions using 555 boards are presented here. One for local DC loop keying and the other for keying a "Mark Only" tone for TU input. A Two Tone board will be presented later.
            Disclaimer: The photos and technical information on these pages reflect projects that the author has either tested, repaired, modified or fabricated. Be sure and check my simple sketches for errors prior to construction. Most of the projects can be constructed using simple hand tools but the use of tools such as a hand saw and a electric drill can be hazardous. Soldering irons are very hot and often produce temperatures in excess of 700 degrees F.  Soldering radio and electrical circuits produces noxious fumes and can be addictive. Do not inhale. Seek out therapy if necessary. Group sessions are recommended.


     An OTS Chink 555 board (on ePay) drives an optocoupler which can key the local loop. More info below.
         The large outboard Pot mounted on the metal bracket replaced the original board mounted wide range miniature pot. The large pot provided easier control/resolution of the pulses at slower speeds.

                   When you replace your miniature frequency pot check its resistance. Some boards used 10K and others used 100 ohm.

   The unit is power by a 9V battery and the battery connector serves as a switch. KISS.
                      The local loop is connected via the 1/4 inch jack.




                  Video RY Generator Loop Keying




         When searching for 555 boards on ePay - be sure and purchase boards that have two (2) pots. One pot is for frequency and the other is for pulse width. These boards usually have an "Output" LED triggered by the output pulses.
          A jumper on the board above selects different capacitors for four (4) frequency ranges.

                 Q. Why purchase a 555 Chink board on ePay when you can build a 555 circuit in 30 minutes?
                 A. Its hard to get hams to build anything anymore but go for it. ePay boards are cheep and have a built in wide frequency selection, an output LED, adjustable pots as well as a lot of features.

                  Q. Why not just use a 555 pulse generator without all the adjustments?
                  A. You need to be able to adjust speed and pulse width in order to create a proper square wave.

                  Q. When adjusting the speed of the circuit - won't that effect the pulse width?
                  A. Yes, its a simple circuit so be prepared to adjust back and forth.

                   Q. Can I use the RY generator to adjust the "Range" on my model 15?
                   A. You can use it for initial testing but you should actually use another machine source for fine tuning the range.               

                  Q. What about carriage return and line feed?
                  A. Its a simple RY generator.

                  Q. Why do I need this RY generator when I can just type R and Y on the keyboard?
                  A. Allows you to have hands free to make machine adjustments while printing RY's.

                  Q. Those little tiny pots on the Chink boards are hard to adjust.
                  A. I replaced the frequency pot with a larger 1/2 watt.

                  Q.Why does my 555 board output LED stay on continuously?
                  A. You have to select a slower speed to observe the pulses.

                  Q. Everything is exposed on your wooden board - - is this dangerous?
                  A. Don't touch the DC loop jack wiring when plugged into a loop that is not terminated.

                  Q. I do not have a 6 pin IC socket.
                  A. Use a 8 pin socket and leave two pins unused.
                  Q. Why not just use computer software and record RY's and play them back thru the TU?
                  A. Yes but the RY generator is a very compact board and easy to use.










                          Typical Chink board with "Two Pots". Cheep. Buy 3 or 4. Help the Chink economy.

               Note that the board has a Pulse or Output Signal Light (LED).

               The LED will appear to remain on continuously at the higher speeds/frequency.


                        Typical ePay board schematic. Your board may be different.

                                Typical speed/frequency settings.

         Typical "Header" connector for a ePay 555 board. Pins have a 2.54(two point five four) mm spacing or .1 inch.
   Do a search on ePay for "Header Connector" and you can buy a complete connector kit.

                               555 Pulse Board from a Kit Board and was marked HW619.

              555 Board built from a kit. Note the IC socket and the large LED. The small frequency pot was removed and replaced with an external 10K pot with a 22K resistor in series for the 22 cps range.
              The LED resistor in the kit was 1500 ohm and the LED was too dim, I used 470 ohm.



     The  Dovetron TU series have a built in RY generator. - - I copied their frequency scheme.




             The goal is to generate a square wave at approx. 22 (twenty two) cycles per second with a "50 percent" duty cycle.

                                CLICK to enlarge

          The Dovetron Terminal Units have a built in RY generator.


               A Square wave created by the 555 board emulates the RY pattern.

                     Diagram source unknown.
                The object is to have a symmetrical square wave with a 50% duty cycle - frequency 22-23 cycles.



                                 Click to enlarge

           The small copper clad boards used as distribution boards were made with a Dremel tool.

             Basic RY loop test board. The 555 board sends pulses    which key an Optical keyer (HSR412) which in this example the output is connected to the 1/4 inch phone jack for local loop DC keying.

           You will need a 240 ohm current limiting resistor between the 555 board output and the HSR412.


                       Click to enlarge

          An external pot replaced the on board miniature pot for easier frequency control.
     On this particular 555 board (marked YL107) I used a 100 ohm pot with an additional 100 ohm resistor in series.




                  Use a current limiting resistor on the input of the HSR412.

                       Pin 6 and 4 will be utilized to key the DC loop.
                        Back to back mosfets are used for keying - - HSR output pin connections to the loop jack are not polarity sensitive.



     Typical Voltage and Current Measurements. (Fresh 9 Volt battery used for power)  

          555 Board pulse output with HSR load was 7.5 volts measured with a Simson 260 Analog meter.
    The same pulse without the HSR load was 8.5 volts. Current on the "output" line with the HSR412 load was 15 to 20 mA.







                         An additional 555 "Tone" board added for Mark Only.

    Later I mounted an additional 555 board which generated a steady audio tone of 1575 cycles. The steady tone output is used for Mark Only keying and the audio is keyed by the HSR412 board. A 20K pot is used for output level control.


                      Video Mark Only.
                          A two tone(Mark and Space) board using a XR2206 chip. FYI: Dovetron uses the same IC.



                              Return to Top of page.

                                   Return to K4CHE Index.